Spring Data MongoDB : Save binary file, GridFS example

In MongoDB, you can use GridFS to store binary files. In this tutorial, we show you how to use Spring Data’s GridFsTemplate to store / read image in / from MongoDB.

1. GridFS – Save example (Spring config in Annotation)

Gat an image file and save it into MongoDB.

SpringMongoConfig.java
package com.mkyong.config;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.data.mongodb.config.AbstractMongoConfiguration;
import org.springframework.data.mongodb.gridfs.GridFsTemplate;
import com.mongodb.Mongo;
import com.mongodb.MongoClient;
/**
 * Spring MongoDB configuration file
 * 
 */
@Configuration
public class SpringMongoConfig extends AbstractMongoConfiguration{
	@Bean
	public GridFsTemplate gridFsTemplate() throws Exception {
		return new GridFsTemplate(mongoDbFactory(), mappingMongoConverter());
	@Override
	protected String getDatabaseName() {
		return "yourdb";
	@Override
	@Bean
	public Mongo mongo() throws Exception {
		return new MongoClient("127.0.0.1");
GridFsAppStore.java
package com.mkyong.core;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.AnnotationConfigApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.data.mongodb.gridfs.GridFsOperations;
import com.mkyong.config.SpringMongoConfig;
import com.mongodb.BasicDBObject;
import com.mongodb.DBObject;
/**
 * GridFs example
 * 
 * @author mkyong
 * 
 */
public class GridFsAppStore {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
	ApplicationContext ctx = 
                     new AnnotationConfigApplicationContext(SpringMongoConfig.class);
	GridFsOperations gridOperations = 
                      (GridFsOperations) ctx.getBean("gridFsTemplate");
	DBObject metaData = new BasicDBObject();
	metaData.put("extra1", "anything 1");
	metaData.put("extra2", "anything 2");
	InputStream inputStream = null;
	try {
		inputStream = new FileInputStream("/Users/mkyong/Downloads/testing.png");
		gridOperations.store(inputStream, "testing.png", "image/png", metaData);
	} catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
		e.printStackTrace();
	} finally {
		if (inputStream != null) {
			try {
				inputStream.close();
			} catch (IOException e) {
				e.printStackTrace();
		System.out.println("Done");

Review the MongoDB console, see what is saved.

> show dbs
yourdb	0.203125GB
> use yourdb
switched to db yourdb
> show collections
fs.chunks
fs.files
system.indexes
> db.fs.files.find()
{ "_id" : ObjectId("51641c5630045c9b3db35afc"), "chunkSize" : NumberLong(262144), 
"length" : NumberLong(4238), "md5" : "9969527cd95a5a573f15e953f0036800", "filename" : "testing.png", 
"contentType" : "image/png", "uploadDate" : ISODate("2013-04-09T13:49:10.104Z"), 
"aliases" : null, "metadata" : { "extra1" : "anything 1", "extra2" : "anything 2" } }
>
> db.fs.chunks.find()
{ "_id" : ObjectId("51641c5630045c9b3db35afd"), 
"files_id" : ObjectId("51641c5630045c9b3db35afc"), "n" : 0, 
"data" : BinData(0,"/9j/4AAQSkZJRgABAgAAZ......EQH/9k=") }

The image’s information is saved in fs.files, and the image’s file (converted in binary) is stored in fs.chunks, and link via _id and files_id.

2. GridFS – Read example (Spring config in XML file)

Read above image file from MongoDB and save it as another image.

SpringConfig.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" 
	xmlns:mongo="http://www.springframework.org/schema/data/mongo"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/data/mongo 
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/data/mongo/spring-mongo.xsd
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans 
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd">
	<mongo:db-factory id="mongoDbFactory" dbname="yourdb" />
	<mongo:mapping-converter id="converter" />
	<bean name="gridFsTemplate"
		class="org.springframework.data.mongodb.gridfs.GridFsTemplate">
		<constructor-arg ref="mongoDbFactory" />
		<constructor-arg ref="converter" />
	</bean>
</beans>
GridFsAppStore.java
package com.mkyong.core;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.List;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.support.GenericXmlApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.data.mongodb.core.query.Criteria;
import org.springframework.data.mongodb.core.query.Query;
import org.springframework.data.mongodb.gridfs.GridFsOperations;
import com.mongodb.BasicDBObject;
import com.mongodb.DBObject;
import com.mongodb.gridfs.GridFSDBFile;
/**
 * GridFs example
 * 
 * @author mkyong
 * 
 */
public class GridFsAppRead {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
	ApplicationContext ctx = 
              new GenericXmlApplicationContext("SpringConfig.xml");
	GridFsOperations gridOperations = 
              (GridFsOperations) ctx.getBean("gridFsTemplate");
	List<GridFSDBFile> result = gridOperations.find(
               new Query().addCriteria(Criteria.where("filename").is("testing.png")));
	for (GridFSDBFile file : result) {
		try {
			System.out.println(file.getFilename());
			System.out.println(file.getContentType());
			//save as another image
			file.writeTo("/Users/mkyong/Downloads/new-testing.png");
		} catch (IOException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
	System.out.println("Done");

References

  1. AbstractMongoConfiguration JavaDoc
  2. Spring Data MongoDB GridFS support
  3. Spring Data MongoDB Hello World Example
  4. Java MongoDB : Save Image Example

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